The Agganna Sutta presents a Buddhist creation fable with a moral about castes. Here is a condensed version of the tale. AGGANNA SUTTA: On Knowledge of Beginnings. This is a text taken from a larger collection called the Long Discourses (Digha. Nikaya); the teachings. In contrast with the brahmin’s self-serving mythologies of the past, the Buddha presents an account of evolution that shows how human choices are an integral.

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Then one of those beings of idle disposition thought: For brahmin women are seen menstruating, being pregnant, giving birth, and breast-feeding. But from the four clans, there were people who were not satisfied with their living, left their home and became celibate ascetics. The fact is that the women in the Brahmin caste can get pregnant, give birth, and take care of their children. Owing to this, the indulgent couples built closed dwellings where they indulged in sexual activity.

They began to take two, four, eight, and sixteen days’ of rice reserves as they were too lazy to take rice everyday. Because, Vasettha, this designates the Tathagata: They took more rice than they needed for one day’s meals. But some aristocrats refrain from killing living creatures, stealing, and committing sexual misconduct.

Even the monarch thinks like this: Then those beings eating the ripe untilled rice, with that as their food and nourishment, remained for a very long time. Change the script of the Pali text This enables you to read the Pali text in various scripts.


DN27 Aggañña Sutta: On Knowledge of Beginnings

Xutta Knowledge of Beginnings. And the good-looking ones despised the others Both these things occur like this, mixed up in these four castes—the dark and the bright, that which is praised and that which is criticized by sensible people.

So too will a Brahmin, a Vessa or a Sudda. Logically, as the four castes can do either negative demerit or positive merit deeds, so will the wise reject the statement that only the Brahmins are the best caste. How on earth can one being do that to another? Thus, after a very long time, the mud-like substance began to be exhausted. Again he was seized and rebuked, and some hit him with their fists, some with stones, and some with sticks.

The Philosophy of the Middle Way. Vijaya Sutta — Victory Sn 1. So, by the opinion of the other Brahmins, how can Vasettha and Bharadvaja leave this good caste and status, thus joining together with fraudulent ascetics with shaven heads from other castes, lower in status as they are born from the feet of Brahma?

Aggañña Sutta – Wikipedia

At a time of expansion, the beings from the Abhassara Brahma world, [85] having passed away from there, are mostly reborn in this world. It was of a good colour, smell, and taste. Now, one of those beings was reckless. For these are terms for the Realized One: These are the origin of the fifth caste sgganna from all the four castes’ people who left their lay life and became an ascetic.


Canadian Journal of Buddhist Studies

Then those beings gathered together and bemoaned: And later, because of this burning, they indulged in sexual activity. But, towards the Buddha, who came from the Sakyan people, King Pasenadi reveres, praises, and serves the Buddha with utmost respect.

The sutta describes a discourse imparted by the Buddha to two brahminsBharadvaja and Vasettha, who left their family and caste to become monks. They have wrong view, and they act out of that wrong view. The Sakyans revere, praise, and serve him with respect. And the Sakyans are his vassals. Their origin was from among these very same beings When they ask you what you are, you claim to be ascetics, followers of the Sakyan.

Aggañña Sutta

We shall pay ustta with a share of rice. He compares the stages of cosmic, vegetation, human and linguistic evolution as indicated by the Buddha with those in western theory, beginning with Then another one came to him and said: Then, as the night and day became apparent, seasons and years also appeared.

This page was last edited on 14 Septemberat