Problemas del realismo – Georg Lukács El asalto a la razón. La trayectoria del irracionalismo desde Schelling hasta Hitler – Georg Lukács. by Lu ka qi; Georg Lukacs.; Wang jiu xing.;. Print book. Chinese El asalto a la razón: la trayectoria del irracionalismo by György Lukács · El asalto a la razón . (). Introduccion General a la Historia de Derecho. Barcelona, Gedisa. LESSIG , , , , , LUKACS, Georg. (). El asalto a la razon.
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For a thinker incapable of recognizing the real generative forces, these could only be portrayed in a utopian, mythical manner. With Nietzsche, on the contrary, the principle of indirect apologetics also permeates the mode of exposition, his aggressively reactionary siding with imperialism being expressed in the form of a hyper-revolutionary gesture.
This superior type has already dwelt among us frequently enough, but as a stroke of good fortune, an exception, and never something willed. But equally we know that the burial once and for all of the idealist lykacs coincided with the discovery of the real framework of objective reality, namely dialectical materialism. As progressive ideologists of the era leading up to the bourgeois-democratic revolution, the rationalists were bound to idealize bourgeois society and, first and foremost, the social functions of egotism.
Another circumstantial factor — one favourable to his development — was that Nietzsche concluded his activity on the eve of the imperialist age.
Only out of the resulting chaos could his ideal arise: The new adversary was the socialist idea of progress pointing beyond a capitalist society.
As we have noted, when Nietzsche advanced beyond Schopenhauer in indirect apologetics he made their historicizing the main point of his advance. This, we believe, raon right because it contains the immediate reasoning behind these ethics and particularly their revolutionary gestures such as the transvaluation of all values.
This Eris is beneficial for mankind.
The one is not to be desired without the other — or rather, the more thoroughly you want the one, the more thoroughly you will achieve the other. It was solely the abstract fact of the anticipation which determined the formal affinity. And correctly oukacs from the class standpoint, since the overwhelming majority thereby won for Nietzsche has later been ready to take practical steps matching this outlook.
Zur Kritik des Politischen Bewusstseins.
A famous passage in the Joyful Science states that God is dead, indeed that men have murdered him. Exactly like Schopenhauer as the philosopher of the bourgeois reactionaries afterhe wrote in an age that was nurturing only the first shoots and buds of what was to come.
Firstly, an oscillation between the most acute feeling for nuance, the keenest over sensitivity, and a suddenly erupting, often hysterical brutality is always an intrinsic sign of decadence.
To perceive his standing in this field, one has only to compare him with his contemporary, Eduard von Hartmann. Bentham was bound to grow dull because he was doggedly defending a capitalism that had already triumphed, and to do this he had to lukacw the most significant social phenomena or distort reality with the aid of rose-tinted spectacles.
In both cases, Darwinism was only a mythologized pretext for the ideological war against the proletariat. Admittedly, it does not tally with the structure which the individual philosopher himself intends to give his work.
The Destruction of Reason by Georg Lukacs
For Nietzsche, there is only one way that some thing purposeful can come of this: Here the year corresponded to in the West — and only twelve years afterwards came the socialist revolution. In contrast to contemporary neo-Kantianism and Positivism, whose basic approach was a specific objectivism, an avowedly solely scientific abstention from any explicit attitude and relation ship to praxis, Nietzsche vigorously shifted the connection between theory and praxis to the centre of his whole epistemology.
Confused though this movement may have been, it did embrace wide sections of the more advanced bourgeois intelligentsia. It is of the essence of bourgeois thinking that it cannot manage without illusions. In Ecce homo Nietzsche expressed himself thus on the subject: Voltaire, whose work formed a great focal point for the mobilization of all the progressive forces of his age, was — according to Nietzsche — to become the spiritual head of the anti-revolutionary brigade.
Nietzsche wrote as follows:. We must not forget that even the young Nietzsche was never a really orthodox disciple of Schopenhauer with regard to radical a-historicism. So the systematic framework has not disappeared. In its heyday, on the contrary, its philosophical systems had sought to oppose the feudal legends precisely by appealing to real evolutionary trends in nature and history. Certainly the decline started much earlier in the sphere of theoretical learning, particularly economics and philosophy; bourgeois economics had produced nothing original and forward-looking since the demise of the Ricardo school in the s, while bourgeois philosophy had yielded nothing new since the demise of Hegelianism s and s.
While indicating the need thus to reconstruct the real, consistency in the fragments of Heraclitus and Epicurus, Marx added: We do not need direct quotation to show that here Nietzsche, from first to last, was trying to make the idea of human equality intellectually contemptible and to wipe it out: Sign in Create an account.
Every philosopher has neglected to explain why he values the true and the good, and none has sought to attempt the same for the opposite. Their validity, however, is extremely limited. Strauss with praising Darwinism in general terms without having the courage to apply it rigorously to moral problems, and so taking refuge in a form of idealism.
Dionysos is the mythical symbol for this turn among the ruling class. Darwinism accordingly receives a positive emphasis in this phase. Secondly, it is very closely linked with a deep dissatisfaction concerning contemporary culture: His ethics thereby acknowledged the fact of the class struggle to a certain extent, again in violent contrast to direct apologetics, which sought to banish the whole idea or at least to lower its moral tone with the very weapon of a code eternally valid for all.
Thus Nietzsche was by no means original in his epistemology either; his treatment of individual problems is entirely on the general level of Machism. Only now has the era of Cyclopean structures arrived!
Die Zerstörung der Vernunft der Weg des Irrationalismus von Schelling Zu Hitler
Directly after the fall of the Paris Commune he wrote to his friend, Baron von Gersdorff:. Hence in this respect he was a direct forerunner of Spengler rather than Rosenberg. And these, as we have noted, meant to him both the philosophy of history and social philosophy. Maybe mankind will perish in the process! Writers like Heinrich and Thomas Mann have been exceptions. And in this area, too, Nietzsche gave rise to the same obscurantist irrationalism as Gobineau or H.
The point that he was the first and most influential thinker with whom this agnosticism turned into the sphere of myth we shall investigate later. But I ask once more: