Unfortunately it did not succeed, so many critics and Zimbabweans blame ESAP, and the International Financial Institutions (IFIs) that. An Introduction to ESAP: Zimbabwe By David Coltart. 31st January Danish Volunteer Service Development Workers Meeting. ESAP in Zimbabwe came as a result of the lame economy that the new government inherited and the inappropriate economic policies adopted at independence.

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We will not speculate about when and how this might occur. The concern I have, however, regarding the long term successful implementation of the programme is summed up in the question I posed earlier: First, old-style interventionism is not a viable way out of the present impasse.

Esqp experiment gets out of control As it happened, neither the market reforms, nor the different measures that were meant to offset their effects on the most vulnerable, went according to plan.

Instead elites accumulated, corruption extended and exap new politics emerged. What is clear from this account is that no progress will be possible in Zimbabwe until a new regime emerges that is willing to honour its commitments and adopt policies designed to benefit the whole of Zimbabwean society, rather than its own supporters. Large government spending crowded out private investment and fueled inflation, while shortages of imported goods constrained investment and growth.

To substantiate this claim we must first summarise the key features of the state-led policy regime. Africa is now beyond the structural adjustment period, the Washington consensus has been diluted, and there are new players, and new ideas, on the scene.

This article evaluates these competing views in order to generate an informed assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of the policy regimes of the s and the s and concludes with an assessment of their impact and of what they suggest for the future. Clearly something had to be done about the economy. At that point exports were growing rapidly, the balance of payments was positive and foreign exchange freely available.

All were standard ingredients of “liberalisation,” as were the Bank’s and IMF’s increasing emphasis on reduction of the government deficit, civil service reform and shedding of public enterprises. They did not take account of the inevitable institutional complexities involved in supporting an adjustment from a highly protected import-substituting industrial sector to an internationally competitive, export-oriented one.

In the past 15 years, Zimbabwe has sought an alternative political-economic trajectory, breaking some of the shackles of the past; but it has also failed dramatically to address other challenges, with the consequence that the economy continues to languish, corruption has extended even further, growth has failed to take off and the benefits of redistributive policy remain to be realised.


Domestic business has to learn to compete in the world market and accordingly many measures designed to protect local industry must be removed so that local industry has to become efficient if it is to compete internationally. If this is so we must first ask why ESAP was adopted at all.

Goals The ESAP sought to transform Zimbabwe’s tightly controlled economic system to a more open, market-driven economy. Speech by David Coltart: The rhetoric about the Land Acquisition Bill and redistribution of land in the country is simple and effort to shore up the rural support base of Government. Not wishing to repeat the failures of Tanzania and Mozambique, and wanting to entrench control over the black majority, the new regime allowed politically marginal large-scale white farming, industry and mining to continue their economic dominance.

The inevitable result has been the rapid entrenchment of a two-tier health care system, in which those most in need and least able to pay have been increasingly marginalised from quality services.

This decrease implied diminished spending on common drugs, extension and preventative health services, specialist facilities and treatment, and other components of quality health care delivery.

Speech by David Coltart: An Introduction to ESAP: Zimbabwe – David Coltart (Official Website)

In a short time, ESAP’s World Bank-inspired reforms has ripped into the existing economic and social infrastructure, shifting the focus of many mass-oriented development social programs away from redistribution towards management of defined and limited, even declining, public resources.

Germany is a nation that has come to terms with its history, but clearly not this particular detail. Performance audit reports are available to Bank executive directors and staff from the Internal Documents Unit and from Regional Information Service Centers. Until ZANU-PF as a Government zimbawe prepared to sacrifice its political survival on the altar of structural adjustment, the programme will not work.

Some see evidence of this influence in the formulation and funding of government’s latest coping “social” program, the Poverty Alleviation Action Plan, which will depend centrally on the input of several hundred million dollars and other support from the Bank and a collection of other donors. Also, South Africa cancelled its zimbabwr agreement with Zimbabwe.

What should be done?

For ESAP to work we require a radical loosening up of all kinds of controls within Zimbabwean society. This decline will continue until a new regime emerges that is fully committed to creating a very different political zimbabae policy environment. The public sector, too, has suffered unprecedented job losses and falling real salaries.

ESAP | zimbabweland

However it discouraged new investment, exports and especially new job creation. This strategy was implemented by maintaining the controls that the Smith regime had used to promote import-substituting industrialisation and overcome sanctions during UDI.


Structural Adjustment and Zimbabwe’s Poor. Meanwhile, the large majority of Zimbabweans have turned away from their weakened government, [note the very low turnout in the recent election, for example – ed. Cattle, ticks and climate change…be warned and prepared. Spending cuts in the executing government agency hampered implementation of rsap SDF assistance.

However, the Bill, and especially the timing of its publication, has the potential to stall the entire Structural Adjustment Programme. No one to my knowledge in Government had given a precise definition of the term and I am sure that it means many different things to many different people in Government.

‘ESAP was never ideal for Zim’

In addition, the emergency of seasonal price differential have also benefited those farmers with access to irrigation facilities or on farm storage and who can to wait to sell after harvest once prices have increased e. This post was written by Ian Scoones and appeared first on Zimbabweland.

The focus was on the formal sector as the engine of growth. Examining each of these possibilities allows us to come up with a nuanced interpretation of what actually happened in the early s.

Whatever one thinks of an IMF-imposed Structural Adjustment Programme, the fact of the matter is that unless it is implemented wholeheartedly and with the utmost vigour without any contradictions being allowed to remain in the system, it will fail. Real incomes for those still in the formal sector dropped sharply during ESAP and they continue to fallundermined by persistently high inflation and slow growth in most wage packets.

A week ago a new party, Syriza, dramatically came to power in Greece committed to ending the structural reforms imposed by the European Union, and Germany in particular, but also easp to tackle the deep corruption and oligarchic elitism that had come to characterise Greek political economy. But the program’s success in economic liberalization was not matched in the implementation of fiscal zimmbabwe and social welfare programs. Brett is the visiting professor in political studies at Wits University.

As a result of ESAP, girls were reportedly dropping out of secondary school in Zimbabwe at Moreover, most of this social growth was financed by government without jeopardizing relative macroeconomic stability.

However, economic controls give power to Government.