Grundgesetze, as mentioned, was to be Frege’s magnum opus. It was to provide rigorous, gapless proofs that arithmetic was just logic further. Gottlob Frege’s Grundgesetze der Arithmetik, or Basic Laws of Arithmetic, was intended to be his magnum opus, the book in which he would. iven the steadily rising interest in Frege’s work since the s, it is sur- prising that his Grundgesetze der Arithmetik, the work he thought would be the crowning .

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Gottlob Frege – Wikipedia

Boolos suggests a defense for Frege with respect to this particular aspect of his logic, namely, to reinterpret by paraphrasing the second-order quantifiers so as to avoid commitment to concepts. The remaining chapters contain Heck’s detailed examination and are grouped into two parts: Rather, Frege defines the cardinal number of a concept explicitly in Grundlagenas an extension; in Grundgesetzeas a value-rangederives Hume’s Principle from this definition, and only then proves the axioms of arithmetic from Hume’s Principle.

Unfortunately, his last years saw him become more than just politically conservative and right-wing — his diary for a brief period in show sympathies for fascism and anti-Semitism see Frege [], translated by R.

To see the intuitive idea behind this definition, consider how the definition is satisfied in the case of the number 1 preceding the number 2: The reader should be able to write down instances of the comprehension principle which demonstrate these claims. Oxford University Press, Heck’s book is a page-turner, if ever there was one in this type of literature.

First Derivation of the Contradiction. The book is a welcome collection of Heck’s seminal articles on Frege’s Grundgesetzesome in revised and expanded form, and it also contains much new material.

But this is nonsense: Though largely ignored during his lifetime, Giuseppe Peano — and Bertrand Russell — introduced his work to later generations of logicians and philosophers. Frege’s Theorem by Richard G.

We will examine these derivations in the following sections.

I’d like to read this book on Kindle Don’t have a Kindle? In what follows, we sometimes introduce grundgesettze such abbreviations. Grundgesetzee argues that Frege must have hit upon this principle in his proof-attempts.


Over the course of his life, Gottlob Frege formulated two logical systems in his attempts to define basic concepts of mathematics and to derive mathematical laws from the laws of logic. Since he also recognized two special objects he called truth-values The True and Fregf Falsehe defined a concept to frdge any function that always maps its arguments to truth-values. For example, given this definition, one can prove that John is a member of the extension of the concept being happy formally: Many philosophers have thought that this analysis validates Kant’s view that existence is not a real predicate.

Heck shows where exactly Frege’s argument for the referentiality of all concept-script expression fails. Before he became aware of Russell’s paradox, Frege attempted to construct a logical foundation for mathematics. Creative definitions fail to be conservative, as this was explained above.

One cannot prove the claim that every number has a successor simply by producing the sequence of expressions for cardinal numbers e.

The diagrammatic notation that Frege used had no antecedents and vrundgesetze had no imitators since. Frege’s Philosophy of Language 3. University of California Press, v—lvii Goldfarb, W. Here is an example of our notation involving a pair of complex concepts. In what has come to be regarded as a seminal treatise, Die Grundlagen der ArithmetikFrege began work on the idea of deriving some of the basic principles of arithmetic from what he thought were more fundamental logical ffrege and logical concepts.

This in turn required that he show that the latter are derivable using only rules of inference, axioms, and definitions that grundgesezte purely analytic principles of logic. Perspectives on Early Analytic Philosophy.

Thus, Frege analyzed the above inferences in the following general way: Top Reviews Most recent Top Reviews. But Frege, in effect, noticed the following counterexample to grundyesetze Principle of Identity Substitution. I was motivated to write the present entry after reading an early draft of an essay by William Demopoulos.

In this paper, Frege considered two puzzles about language and noticed, in each case, that one cannot account for the meaningfulness or logical behavior of certain sentences simply on the basis of the denotations of the terms names and descriptions in the sentence.

Logical Objects in Frege’s Grundgesetze, Section 10 – Oxford Scholarship

Highlights include the little known fact vrege Frege, like Dedekind before him, proves that the basic principles of arithmetic characterize the natural numbers up to isomorphism. The concept has thus gradually freed itself from intuition and made itself independent. By stipulating which value-ranges the True and the False are, the identity conditions for all objects of Grundgesetze are determined by the Initial Stipulations.


Heck is not alone in arguing for this claim, however: However, this claim can be established straightforwardly from things we know to be true and, in particular, from facts contained in the antecedent of the Principle we are trying to prove, which we assumed as part of our conditional proof. This equivalence will become embodied in Basic Law V.

Gottlob Frege

Before we turn to the last section of this entry, it is worth mentioning the mathematical significance of this theorem. Frege’s next really significant work was his second book, Die Grundlagen der Arithmetik: But Frege noticed that this account of truth can’t be all there is to the meaning of identity statements.

In the Grundgesetze der Arithmetik, IISections 56—67 Frege criticized the practice of defining a concept on a given range of objects and later redefining the concept on a wider, more inclusive range of objects.

Note that the last conjunct is true because there is exactly 1 object namely, Bertrand Russell which falls under the concept object other than Whitehead which falls under the concept of being an author of Principia Mathematica. Cambridge University Press, It starts out with chapter 6, a heavily modified version of his landmark article “The Development of Arithmetic in Frege’s Grundgesetze der Arithmetik “.

Secondary Sources Angelelli, I.

The picture is something like this:. Introduction by the editors on pp. Principle of Mathematical Induction: A volume of English translations of Frege’s philosophical essays first appeared inedited by students of Wittgenstein, Peter Geach and Max Black —88with the bibliographic assistance of Wittgenstein see Geach, ed.